Top Careers with a Psychology Degree In 2021
Graduates with a psychology degree are prepared for a variety of vocations. Clinical psychologists, counselling psychologists, and school psychologists are all common employment routes. Graduates in psychology can work in a variety of subfields. Business, teaching, social work, and criminal justice are just a few of the occupations open to psychology graduates outside of the field.
This section discusses some of the most prevalent career pathways in psychology and related subjects.
- Clinical Psychology:
Client assessments are conducted by clinical psychologists using diagnostic approaches. They frequently seek advice from other medical professionals or do research. Clinical psychologists work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, research institutions, and private practise.
Clinical psychologists are experts in fields such as child psychology, neuropsychology, and school psychology. A doctorate and a state-issued licence to practise clinical psychology are required for the majority of positions. Clinical psychology doctoral candidates are required to undergo a clinical internship as part of their education.
Strong analytical and interpersonal abilities are required for this professional path. Clinical psychologists work with a wide range of individuals and identify mental illnesses using observational and conversational abilities. Clinical psychologists use strong problem-solving skills to find treatments for patients and design research projects.
Psychiatrists and psychologists both specialise in mental health. Professionals in both fields diagnose and treat patients. Psychiatrists, on the other hand, have a medical degree and are licenced medical doctors who can prescribe medication to treat patients with mental illnesses. Clinical psychologists, on the other hand, receive a Ph.D. but are often unable to administer medicine.
Professionals in psychiatry can specialise in areas such as child psychiatry, addiction psychiatry, or neuropsychiatry. Forensic psychiatry, or the study of mental health disorders and criminal behaviour, and organisational psychiatry, or the study of the workplace, are also part of the subject.
Candidates for medical school benefit from having a psychology background. Because most colleges do not offer a psychiatry major, aspiring psychiatrists generally major in psychology or a comparable discipline that fits the medical school prerequisites.
Counselors assist clients in navigating life transitions and changing their habits. Couples counselling, school counselling, substance use problems, and behavioural disorders are all possible specialisations. Counseling psychologists, for example, use psychological science to examine, diagnose, and treat patients who are dealing with life difficulties or psychological problems.
A bachelor’s degree is required for some counselling positions. Counselors that specialise in substance abuse and behavioural disorders, for example, usually have a bachelor’s degree. Marriage and family therapists, as well as school and career counsellors, typically require a master’s degree. Counseling psychologists usually have a doctorate and a licence in psychology. Depending on the profession and degree level, work environments, job requirements, and earning potential differ.
- Social Work:
Social work and psychology are two fields that naturally overlap. Professionals in both industries must analyse clients and their needs, connect them with resources, and assist them in making positive life changes.
Because, unlike psychology, most social work positions do not require a doctorate, it ranks high on the list of careers for psychology majors. A bachelor’s degree is required for many social work jobs, including case manager, drug addiction counsellor, and social services manager. A master’s degree in social work is required for clinical roles such as school social worker or clinical social worker.
- Human Resources:
Employee benefits and pay programmes are managed by human resources specialists, who also design training and development programmes and advise businesses on their workforce needs. Many of the communication and analytical abilities needed in human resources professions are developed through a psychology degree.
To increase employee performance, training and development roles, for example, use industrial psychology and organisational development research. Job recruiters, likewise, must assess a company’s needs and match individuals to those needs, which necessitates a knowledge of human behaviour and social psychology. A bachelor’s degree is required for most human resources jobs.
Consumer demand is researched, marketing trends are tracked, and strategies are developed to reach target consumers. Marketing managers, for example, develop marketing strategies based on data analysis, while marketing consultants counsel clients on consumer behaviour, marketing techniques, and sales trends.
A psychology degree will help you improve your analytical, research, and interpersonal abilities, which are all important in marketing employment. Psychology majors can excel in marketing positions by analysing data, understanding customer behaviour, and influencing people’s decisions.
A bachelor’s degree is required for most marketing jobs, while some management positions may require a master’s degree.
- Criminal Justice:
Criminal justice professionals are responsible for enforcing the law, investigating crimes, and maintaining the court system. Criminologists, behaviour profilers, and detectives all benefit from a psychological education in the criminal justice sector. In these professions, the ability to analyse data, comprehend human behaviour, and discern people’s intentions is beneficial.
Specialists in addiction and behaviour are frequently used by the criminal justice system to help treat offenders. Psych majors can prepare for careers in corrections by taking courses in addiction, aberrant psychology, and rehabilitation. Many criminal justice occupations demand a bachelor’s degree as a minimum prerequisite.
A psychology degree is useful in a variety of educational jobs. When it comes to managing schools, teachers must understand how pupils learn, and educational administrators must consider group dynamics and behaviour. Psychology majors might prepare for teaching positions by taking courses in educational psychology and learning psychology.
A state-issued teaching licence is often required for teaching positions, which can add time to undergraduate students’ schedules. A master’s degree is beneficial to teachers in most places, yet the entry-level qualification for licensure is merely a bachelor’s degree. A psychology degree prepares graduates to teach psychology at the secondary level, in addition to K-12 teaching and administrative employment.